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Black pepper: Experts weigh in on health benefits, nutrition facts, and more

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Black pepper: Experts weigh in on health benefits, nutrition facts, and more

Faith Seke, PhD, Agronomy and Crop Science (ongoing)/Master's degree, Food Science and Technology/Bachelor's degree in food science and nutrition honor's degree and Leticia Soares, Postgraduate Degree in Public and Family Health/Bachelor Degree in Nutrition and Dietetics - Tuesday

Black pepper image

Black pepper image© Provided by Getty Images


  • Black pepper is rich in piperine which has antioxidant properties, and may help in preventing or delaying the effects of free radicals. Piperine also helps in improving brain function.
  • Black pepper contains active compounds that decrease inflammation in the human body.

Possible Side Effects

  • Black pepper can result in potassium loss, acid reflux and nausea. It can also cause some allergic reactions such as hives, rash, swelling and sneezing. 
  • Black pepper has antioxidant properties. Black pepper can help reduce the production of free radicals, which are toxic substances that can facilitating the development of cancer cells.
  • Black pepper has thermogenic properties. As most of the peppers, black pepper help speed up metabolism, resulting in an increase in caloric expenditure.
  • Black pepper contributes for better digestion. The pepper increases the production of hydrochloric acid, which improves protein digestion, preventing symptoms of poor digestion.
  • Black pepper improves the absorption of some nutrients. The seasoning acts on digestive enzymes, increasing the absorption of vitamins B and C, selenium and beta-carotene from the meal.
  • Black pepper has anti-inflammatory properties. There are several studies that prove the anti-inflammatory action of black pepper. It helps even alleviating symptoms of rheumatic diseases such as arthritis and arthrosis.

Possible Side Effects

  • The consumption of black pepper should be avoided by patients who have gastric problems such as gastritis, ulcers, diverticulitis and hiatus hernia.
  • Some individuals can develop allergic reactions to black pepper. The symptoms of this allergic reaction include rashes on the skin, itching in the mouth, watery eyes and other symptoms.

This is for information purpose only, and should not be considered as a substitute for medical expertise. These are opinions from an external panel of individual doctors, and not to be considered as opinion of Microsoft. Please seek professional help regarding any health conditions or concerns.

Reference: Microsoft Start Health:

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