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 Africa - A Brief History

The ancient usage of medicinal herbs was established long before Meneses combined the upper and lower Kingdoms of Egypt in 3200 B.C. The predynastic cultures of Amratain, Badarian (culture ruins found beneath those of Amratians), Gerzean (extension of Amaratain --3600 B.C) and the NOK cultures had medicinal herbs and drugs. In the Berlin Medical Papyrus it is stated that medicinal schools were established long before Egypt. The Nile valley Africans of Egypt came from the southern directionof the Abyssinia between 6000 to 3000 B.C This migration of peoples, knowledge, plants, and medicinal herbs, caused a concentration of information. The first Dynasty (3000.C.) was ruled by King Mina, then Kings narmer and Aha. Their relics and coprolite studies  (fossil food remains and remains of food in the intestinial tract of mummies) indicate both a primarily raw food diet and medicinal herbs.

Various African peoples such as the Nubians and Hamites of the second of the second cataract (curves of the river) and the Egyptians of the first cataract initiated a cluster of herbal knowledge. Imhotep established medicinal herb and drug schools during the regime of Pharaoh Zozer in the 4th Dynastic era. The medical books produced by Imhotep (20 volumes) spread the allopathic homeopathic and naturopathic usage of herbs over the continent.His books are currently at the Carl Marx University, Liepsig, Germany, where they were given the name of the European who stole them, Ebers and are called the Ebers Papyrus. Historically he is a science bandit - technology thief.

In any case the rulers of the fourth dynasty (3360 B.C.) were Seneferu 11and King Asa.It was this dynasty that invaded the Sudan for gold and slaves, and Sinai for copper. With the invasions  the cultural knowledge and the herb knowledge were exchanged.Also, medicinal flower essences coupled with medicinal herbs were found in the tomb of Khufu, a ruler during this dynasty. Today's African flower essence treatments are called Bach Flowers Remedies; they are credited to the European who discovered an already established African science. The fertile crescent of northeast Africa possessed medical schools and indigenous herbal medicine that was and is considered exotic. The Nubians had developed the medicinal herb and drug treatment system of homeopathy. Today, the Europeans credit Haneman, a German with this treatment modality.

The First through the Thirteenth Dynasties are considered the old age empires. These dynasties had good holistic health. Mummified remains and coprolite studies indicate that their teeth were cavity-free, and that they were free of bone disease, digestive tract illness, had a natural foods diet and used herbal medicine. The mummies from the dynastic era after the thirteenth Dynasty, have indications of appendicitis, ulcers, mastoid disease and battle wounds. This indicates the health began to deteriorateas the diet became more concentrated in cooked foods and grains coupled with disease  spurred by increased trading with Europeans. In addition, the domiscation of plants caused the nutritional value of plants to decrease.

Domestication of plants requires that the plants be taken out of their natural environment  and placed on plant plantations. Plantations for plants is a synthetic societal environment. This environment causes a nutritional alteration of the plants. Consequently, it changes the health of the plant eaters. This domestication or processing of plants is unholistic as cultivated soil becomes drained of nutrients and limited in nutritional growth response. unholistic cultivation of plants causes a people that eat domesticated plants to become domesticated  and limited to a few nutrients and this limits the range of behaviour.. In other words, you are what you eat. Eating slave plants, causes a slave mentality. A distored picture of plant slaving can be found in The Origin of African Plant Domestication by Jack Horlan. In this book, the alteration process is delineated. Many valuable herbs were destroyed at the end of the Thirteenth Dynasty. European Aryans and Semitites (white/non-Europeans) invaded and destroyed Egyptian cities, raped women, stole gold and precious healing crystals. Timaus was a ruler during this invasion period.


 During the 15th Dynasty when King Salatis was ruler, the European  Hyksos or shepherd kings of the white race, invaded Egypt (1730-1580 B.C.)and destroyed wildlife, crops and medicinal herbs . One rebel against this invasion was a black Egyptian prince Segenerawho died fighting the Hyksos. The Prince was hated by the Hyksos which is evident by the many wounds on his mummy  in Cairo. His mummy reveals a fractured skull, a knife cut over the eye, a bitten tongue and a broken jaw. Aside from crops and curative herbs, the Egyptian empire  (which ) included colonies outside Egypt) had abundant financial wealth and academic knowledge, thus making Egypt a prize to capture for alien cultures.

Foreign powers in pursuit of Egypt had varying ideas about war. The ideas of war in the European civilizations had been the accepted idea in this culture. However, war ideas often varied within the same culture, with a variety of contrasting organizational structures and sanctions. War varies from one culture to another. The European idea of war has become the accepted norm. However, war may also have contrasting objectives in a culture, with a variety of contrasting organizational structures in relation to the state and with varied rewards and sanctions. For example, the Aztecs used war only as a means to get captives for religious sacrifices. Consequently, the Spanish invasion of the Aztec empire was a shock to the Aztecs because the Spaniards would kill without religious purpose. 

The Aztecs could not attach any religious principles to killing in that manner, so Cortez won the war. More than that, this same type of shock occured with African cultures in regards to the Europeans senseless killings based on rewards and sanctions alien to Africans. The European war concept is based upon killing the so-called enemy. The African culture's soncept of winning a war is based upon contributing to God. In that respect, these war concepts, conflict and vary. Often, there are no cultural relevancy factors which can translate a definition of war from one culture to the next. All we really know of these wars is that the Europeans controlled and exploited the land. Consequently, the exploited land, died beneath their feet. In any case, wars continued in Egypt. 

Two rulers of the Eighteenth Dynasty from 1600 to 1399 B.C. were Queen Hatsheput and Ahmes 1 who fought the white barbric invaders called the Hyksos as they persisted in their wars to gain food, wealth and herbs. These wars marked the beginning of the long decline of Egypt and the upsurpation of medicinal knowledge by the invaders.It was after this time that the Kush empire (modern day Sudan Republic) and Queen Hatshepsut united upper and lower Egypt. At the same time Pharaoh Thutmosis invaded the land of the barbarians and made the deafeated European countries his possessions. This cultural contact caused African colonized whites to become more aware of African medicine, wealth and food.

The Nineteenth Dynasty was ruled by Pharaohs Ramses and Seri (his father) and others. many invading white barbaric hordes attempted to capture Africa's wealth, food and medicine. The famines and diseases of the Europeans were known to African civilization and attempts were made to give aid.However, the constant and continuous violence of the whites may have caused reluctance to help. Nonetheless, Ramses sent vast amounts of wheta to the plagued and famine stricken Europe. Also, Pharaoh Merneptha's priest taught his captured barbaric white slaves farming, which must have included herbalism. African priests were agriculturists, physicians and chemists. In fact, the priest temples were colleges of learning in science and religion.

The Twentieth, Twenty-second and Twenty-third Dynastic periods (1085-730 B.C.) has several Dynasties ruling at the same time from different capitals in various parts of Africa. Social unrest and strife was caused by the presence of mixed Caucasoid rulers and continued until the Twenty-Fifth (715 to 600 B.C.) Dynasty. The Twenty-Sixth Dynasty (663-525 B.C.) was marked by the Egyptians' total loss of independence and was controlled by the white Persians.

Historically, the Egyptians are noted for their abundant records that reflect the greatness in African medicine civilization. Thebes (Greek word) was the greatest city in Chem (later named Egypt).This city was named WO'SE or NOWE by the Africans. Further, this city was  the central city of a vast empire which included Nubia, Cush, Egypt, etc. Howeve, the current study of Africa is mostly of a lesser domain called Egypt and the whites who invaded it.

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Reference: African Holistic Health:Llaila O. Afrika

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